Exploring Wisdom in the Korean Elderly: A Q Methodology Study

  • Kiwol Sung
    Correspondence to: Kiwol Sung, PhD, RN, Professor, College of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu, 3056-6 Daemyung 4-Dong, Nam-gu, Daegu, Korea 705-718
    Professor, Department of Nursing Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea
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      The purpose of this study is to analyze the subjectivity of wisdom in the Korean elderly.


      Q-methodology was used. The 33 selected Q-statements from each of the 41 participants were classified into a shape of normal distribution using a 9-point scale. The collected data were analyzed using the Analysis Software for (Technique.


      Four types of wisdom for research participants of Korean elderly were identified. Type I is experience-oriented action type; Type II is emotion-oriented sympathy type; Type III is human relationship-oriented consideration type; and Type IV is problem solution-oriented insight type.


      The results of this study indicate that different approaches to health and nursing care for elders can be recommended based on the four types studied.

      Key Words


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